What is the spotlight metaphor?

What is an example of spotlight attention?

This attentional spotlight also explains how our unconscious can take control of our field of vision. For instance, if there is a sense of danger in our periphery it ‘takes over’ the attentional focus as if something is being thrown at you from your extreme left.

What is the spotlight model of attention?

a model of visual attention that likens the focus of attention to a spotlight. Information outside of the spotlight is presumed not to receive processing that requires attention.

What is the zoom lens metaphor?

The zoom lens metaphor provides an apt analogy for the dynamic and flexible nature of spatial attention. Depending on the task demands, attention can be either narrowly or widely spatially focused. Two basic cognitive operations are thus involved: ”zooming in” and ”zooming out.

What is a metaphor for attention?

The concept of attention is defined by multiple inconsistent metaphors that scientists use to identify relevant phenomena, frame hypotheses, construct experiments, and interpret data. … (3) The Spotlight-in-the-Brain metaphor is frequently used to interpret imaging studies of attention.

Why is a spotlight a good metaphor for attention?

Spotlight metaphor

According to the ‘spotlight’ metaphor, the focus of attention is analogous to the beam of a spotlight. The moveable spotlight is directed at one location and everything within its beam is attended and processed preferentially, while information outside the beam is unattended.

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What is Spotlight theory?

The spotlight effect is a term used by social psychologists to refer to the tendency we have to overestimate how much other people notice about us. In other words, we tend to think there is a spotlight on us at all times, highlighting all of our mistakes or flaws, for all the world to see.

What is shadowing in psychology?

n. in cognitive testing, a task in which a participant repeats aloud a message word for word at the same time that the message is being presented, often while other stimuli are presented in the background. It is mainly used in studies of attention.

Can attention be explained by Spotlight theory?

According to the spotlight theory of attention, when subjects attend to the left- and rightmost items, attention must encompass the intervening region because the spotlight of attention cannot be divided (shown in red). … This metaphor of attention as a spotlight assumes a limited degree of flexibility.

What is visuospatial attention?

Introduction. Visuospatial attention is the capacity of someone to attend to and to process stimuli in his surrounding space (Posner and Petersen, 1990). In visuospatial attention, different frames of reference can be distinguished: egocentric or allocentric.

What is covert attention?

Two types of attention are discussed: covert attention is defined as paying attention without moving the eyes; overt attention is defined as selectively processing one location over others by moving the eyes to point at that location.